Area: 1,285,216 km²
Residents: 31,237,385 (2017)
Population density: 24 E / km²
Form of Government: Republic
System of Government: Semi-presidential system
Neighboring countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile
Capital: Lima National
language: Quechua, Aimara and Spanish
0.37% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
1 Nuevo Sol = 100 Céntimos
1 EUR = 4.37 PEN
1 PEN = 0.22 EUR
1 CHF = 3.94 PEN
1 PEN = 0.25 CHF
(rate from 04.03.2021)
Telephone area code: +51
Time zone: UTC-5
In 2020, 158 Germans officially emigrated to Peru and 389 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 2,962 Germans officially emigrated to Peru and 3,611 moved back to Germany.
As a country starting in P defined by Countryaah, Peru is a land of superlatives, because here there is the longest river – the Amazon, the highest navigable lake – Lake Titicaca, the deepest canyon – Cotahuasi, the driest desert – Atacama and one of the most exciting archaeological sites in the world – Machu Picchu. Unfortunately, suffering and poverty are also widespread here.
The flora of Peru is very varied and diverse. One reason for this is, among other things, the different climatic zones due to dry deserts, high mountains, a long coastal region and the rainforest (Selva). Peru is one of the countries in South America with the largest proportion of indigenous people. 44 percent of the population are mestizo, around 31 percent of Indian descent.
Travel and Visa
Changed travel regulations during and after the corona pandemic
The land and sea borders are still closed – also for the movement of goods. Air traffic with Europe was resumed. The entry of people from Brazil, India and South Africa is initially prohibited until August 8, 2021 – this applies to both people who are resident in these countries and to people who have stayed there or have traveled through in the last 14 days.
Peruvian nationals and foreigners living in Peru who come from Brazil, South Africa or India are subject to a 14-day quarantine. “Free testing” is not possible. All other people entering the country are required to present a negative COVID-19 test result (molecular or antigen) no longer than 72 hours old, to register electronically before entering the country and to present the QR code received during registration.
Source: Federal Foreign Office on July 27, 2021
General provisions for travel and residence (until the corona pandemic)
A tourist visa for German citizens for 90 days can be obtained upon arrival at the airport. The prerequisite for this is a corresponding return ticket. A subsequent extension of the 90-day stay (without a special visa) is only possible in exceptional individual cases and must be applied for via the Peruvian immigration authorities.
The following visas can be applied for:
- “La visa temporal” grants a stay of 90 days
- “La visa de residente” grants a stay of up to 1 year
The processing time for the respective visa application is around 30 days and costs around € 28 according to the ‘Superintendencia Nacional de Migraciones’. The processing time for the extension of the visa is approx. 5 days. An extension for “La visa temporal” should be requested from the embassy.
Immigration and permanent residence
The visa “ La visa de residente ” can be extended up to 1 year, unless one of the following requirements is met, so that one can possibly stay in the country indefinitely:
- Family reunification through marriage to a Peruvian
- Employment at a company
- Activity as an investor
When getting married, the paperwork is immense, but you definitely get your right of residence – the carné de extranjería. This takes anywhere from 6 months to a year.
If you are employed as a specialist by a company here in Peru, the company may help you with the procurement of the carné de extranjería. Since this process is very complicated, few companies do it. The few who come here this way mostly work for international corporations (but there are only a handful of them) and have a secure livelihood.
With some capital (at least $ 30,000), one can become an investor, register a company, and do business here. However, this process should only be carried out with a lawyer and the help of befriended Peruvian business people, so that one is not excluded in every nook and cranny. The German embassy does not provide any help to get the carné de extranjería.
A permanent residence permit is not so easy to get even for people with a secure income (e.g. pensioners) and the wealthy.