Brunswick is a town located in the state of Maine, USA. Positioned at approximately 43.9146° N latitude and 69.9650° W longitude, Brunswick is part of Cumberland County and is situated in the southern part of the state along the Androscoggin River. The town is known for its historical significance, cultural attractions, and its location as the home of Bowdoin College.

Geographical Location:

Brunswick is situated in the New England region of the United States, characterized by a diverse landscape that includes coastal areas, forests, and rivers. The town is part of the larger Portland metropolitan area and is located on the coast of Casco Bay, which is an inlet of the Gulf of Maine. The region’s geographical features contribute to its scenic beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor activities. Check cities in Maine by population.

Climate Classification:

Brunswick experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), characterized by four distinct seasons with cold winters and warm summers. This climate type is typical of the northeastern United States, with temperature variations influenced by the proximity of the region to the Atlantic Ocean.

Seasonal Variation:

Brunswick, like much of New England, experiences four distinct seasons, each contributing to the town’s climate.

  • Summers (June to August): Summers in Brunswick are generally mild and pleasant, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit. Humidity levels are moderate, and the coastal location provides a refreshing breeze. The summer season is ideal for outdoor activities, and residents and visitors alike enjoy the natural beauty of the coastal areas.
  • Winters (December to February): Winters are cold, with average high temperatures ranging from the low 20s to the low 30s Fahrenheit. Nighttime lows frequently drop below freezing, and snowfall is common. The region experiences the influence of cold air masses from the north, leading to chilly conditions. Winter landscapes, including snow-covered streets and historic buildings, contribute to the town’s charm.
  • Spring (March to May): Spring brings a gradual warming of temperatures and the blossoming of flowers and trees. Daytime highs range from the mid-40s to the mid-60s Fahrenheit, and the region experiences a transition from winter to the warmer conditions of summer. Spring is a season of renewal, marked by the emergence of greenery and the return of milder weather.
  • Fall (September to November): Fall witnesses a gradual cooling as the region transitions from the warmth of summer to the cooler temperatures of winter. Daytime highs range from the mid-60s to the low 40s Fahrenheit. The fall season is characterized by the transformation of foliage, with vibrant colors adorning the landscape. Residents and visitors appreciate the scenic beauty of autumn in Brunswick.


Brunswick receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year. The average annual rainfall is around 46 inches, and the town experiences a relatively even distribution of rainfall across the seasons. Coastal areas in New England can be influenced by nor’easters, which are powerful storms that bring heavy precipitation and strong winds.

Snowfall is a notable feature of winters in Brunswick, with the average annual snowfall reaching around 50 inches. The coastal location can moderate winter temperatures, and the town may experience a mix of rain and snow during the winter months.

Climate Influences:

The climate of Brunswick is influenced by its geographical location in the northeastern United States and its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The town’s coastal position provides a moderating effect on temperatures, preventing extreme temperature variations compared to inland areas.

The Androscoggin River, flowing through Brunswick, adds to the town’s natural beauty and provides recreational opportunities. Brunswick’s location as the home of Bowdoin College contributes to its cultural and educational character.

Cultural and Educational Significance:

Brunswick is known for its historical architecture, including well-preserved buildings from the 19th century. The town’s historic district showcases a charming streetscape, with brick buildings, tree-lined streets, and a sense of New England’s colonial past.

Bowdoin College, founded in 1794, is a private liberal arts college located in Brunswick. The college has played a significant role in the town’s history and development, contributing to its cultural and educational vibrancy. The campus features a mix of historic and modern buildings, and the college hosts various cultural events and activities.


Brunswick, like many towns and cities, may experience microclimates within its boundaries. Urban areas can create localized temperature variations due to the heat island effect, where buildings and pavement absorb and retain heat. Parks, green spaces, and bodies of water can moderate temperatures and contribute to microclimates within the town.

Climate Change Considerations:

New England, like many regions around the world, is facing the impacts of climate change. Rising temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased frequency of extreme weather events are among the observed changes that can have implications for communities like Brunswick.

Warmer temperatures may influence the timing of seasonal events, affect ecosystems, and impact water availability. Changes in precipitation patterns could lead to more variable weather conditions, with potential implications for agriculture, water resources, and natural ecosystems.

Efforts to address climate change in the United States include initiatives focused on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and adaptation strategies. As communities like Brunswick navigate the challenges posed by climate change, considerations for sustainable practices, community engagement, and adaptation become increasingly important.


Brunswick, Maine, experiences a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons. The town’s geographical location in the northeastern United States, its coastal position along Casco Bay, and its cultural and educational significance contribute to its climate characteristics. Brunswick residents enjoy mild summers, cold winters with snowfall, and transitional seasons marked by the changing colors of foliage. As communities across the United States address the challenges of climate change, the importance of sustainable practices, community engagement, and adaptation strategies becomes evident in preserving the unique climate and character of Brunswick.

Climate of Brunswick, Maine
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