According to andyeducation, Nouakchott, the capital and largest city of Mauritania, is situated in the western part of the country, along the Atlantic Ocean coast. It experiences a hot desert climate, also known as a Saharan climate, characterized by extremely high temperatures, low humidity, and minimal precipitation. In this comprehensive description, we will explore various aspects of Nouakchott’s climate, including temperature, precipitation, seasons, and notable climate-related characteristics.


Nouakchott’s hot desert climate results in extremely high temperatures, especially during the hot and dry season.

  • Summer (June to September): Summers in Nouakchott are scorching and arid. Daytime temperatures often soar above 40°C (104°F), with occasional peaks exceeding 45°C (113°F). Nights are warm, with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 30°C (77°F to 86°F). The city experiences relentless sunshine and virtually no rainfall during this season.
  • Autumn (October to November): Autumn is characterized by gradually cooling temperatures. Daytime highs range from 35°C to 40°C (95°F to 104°F), while nighttime lows drop to 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Humidity levels remain low, and rainfall is minimal.
  • Winter (December to February): Winters are mild and relatively more comfortable. Daytime temperatures range from 24°C to 28°C (75°F to 82°F), and nighttime temperatures drop to 13°C to 18°C (55°F to 64°F). Winter is the rainiest season in Nouakchott, but rainfall amounts are still quite low.
  • Spring (March to May): Spring is marked by gradually warming temperatures as the city transitions into the hot and dry season. Daytime highs range from 28°C to 35°C (82°F to 95°F), while nighttime lows hover around 15°C to 20°C (59°F to 68°F). Spring is relatively less hot compared to the peak of summer.

The temperature variations between the seasons, particularly the extreme heat of summer, make Nouakchott’s climate challenging for residents and travelers alike.


Nouakchott experiences minimal rainfall throughout the year, and the city is part of the vast Sahara Desert.

  • Dry Season (October to June): The dry season in Nouakchott spans from October to June, with virtually no rainfall. Rainfall amounts are negligible during this period, and the city experiences clear skies and low humidity.
  • Rainy Season (July to September): The rainy season is a brief period of increased humidity and minimal rainfall. While rainfall is rare, occasional thunderstorms and light rain showers may occur. Rainfall amounts are typically below 10 millimeters (0.4 inches) per month, if any.

The arid climate of Nouakchott poses challenges for water resources, agriculture, and daily life.


Nouakchott’s climate can be broadly categorized into four main seasons, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Summer (June to September): The summer season is characterized by extreme heat, low humidity, and virtually no rainfall. It is the hottest and driest time of the year.
  2. Autumn (October to November): Autumn brings a gradual reduction in temperatures, but conditions remain dry and arid.
  3. Winter (December to February): Winters are milder and more comfortable, with slightly cooler temperatures and the potential for light rainfall.
  4. Spring (March to May): Spring marks the transition from cooler winter conditions to the onset of the hot and dry season. Temperatures gradually rise during this period.

Climate-Related Characteristics:

According to existingcountries, Nouakchott’s hot desert climate has some notable characteristics and considerations:

  1. Sahara Desert Influence: The city’s climate is strongly influenced by its location within the Sahara Desert, one of the world’s largest deserts. The Sahara’s arid conditions result in extremely low annual precipitation.
  2. Limited Water Resources: Due to the scarcity of freshwater sources, water conservation and efficient water management are essential in Nouakchott. Desalination and groundwater extraction play a significant role in meeting the city’s water needs.
  3. Nomadic Culture: The nomadic way of life is prevalent in the region, with many communities relying on traditional practices such as livestock herding and subsistence farming. Adaptation to the desert climate is central to these lifestyles.
  4. Urbanization: Rapid urbanization has led to increased demand for water and energy resources, as well as challenges related to housing and infrastructure development in a harsh desert environment.
  5. Tourism: While the extreme summer heat can be a deterrent, Nouakchott’s relatively milder winter and spring months attract tourists interested in exploring the culture, history, and natural beauty of the region.
  6. Natural Beauty: Despite its arid climate, Nouakchott and the surrounding desert areas boast unique natural beauty, including vast sand dunes and stark landscapes. These features contribute to the city’s allure for adventurous travelers.

In conclusion, Nouakchott, Mauritania, experiences a hot desert climate with extremely high temperatures during the summer, minimal precipitation, and distinct seasonal variations. The city’s climate presents challenges for water resources, agriculture, and daily life, particularly during the scorching summer months. Understanding and adapting to the seasonal variations are essential for both residents and visitors to make the most of Nouakchott’s unique climate and the cultural richness it offers throughout the year.

Climate in Nouakchott, Mauritania
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