Ciberbulling, insecure passwords, digital identity, privacy in social networks… are these themes in educational laws in Spain? In which courses is it spoken of this? Are teachers ready? We’ve talked to professors, experts and publishers to check the reality of teaching privacy and security on the internet in Spain. Thus it is the situation at present.
Who teaches and where privacy and security on the internet
Juan García (Blogoff) is director of Vakarian training, company specialized in digital literacy through the training. Few like him know the reality of teaching privacy and security online at children, teachers and families. As specialist in training in ICT and Digital identity management guarantees you thousands of lectures and courses to the community and levels.
Issues of privacy and security on the internet typically that training and involvement is the professor to level almost isolated and particular side
Juan García tells us that at present than usual is that training in safety and privacy on the internet is left to third parties, mainly by external actors such as the police (through the Master Plan), the Guardia Civil or volunteer.
“Digital competence is a cross competition in education. This it is, there is a specific subject for this means that students should acquire it with the passage of the courses and therefore is completely on the side of teachers the degree of digital involvement. Taking into account that the teaching profession is very little valued in Spain, ask for involvement beyond its functions strikes me as a little daring and the end result is that “outsourcing” this training through occasional lectures or extracurricular activities”
That lack of hours and materials in a regulated way, dealing with education on Privacy and security on the Internet, It would be a possible solution not only transversely, which is not something that is done just now, but through tutoring or subjects such as ethical values. It thus considered it Antonio Gómez. This Professor of technology at the IES Eduardo Valencia, in Calzada de Calatrava (Ciudad Real) and was in charge of a platform dedicated to the formation and prevention of risks in the use of ICT aimed at the educational community.
In the triptych of the Master Plan, both Internet and social networks share “poster” with themes of drugs, violent gangs, bullying, or gender-based violence
“I believe that the best approach to this problem would be rather dedicate blocks of specific content in one or another subject, but include it in certain educational experiences as a complementary, as inseparable from other areas of learning. In subjects such as philosophy or ethical values refers to values such as respect for others or the right to the dignity and freedom of expression. In such cases can be taken as case studies the dissemination of videos without permission, or harassment via social networks”
Technology: one of the battered in the LOMCE
If there are tracks of the approach in the triptych of the Master Plan of the national police that internet and social networks is given in many cases from the administrations (or less what takes more prominence), and that in the end it is what crosses to reach parents and even students, do not be surprised. Contrary to this idea initiatives are scarce.
“Almost all institutional campaigns are usually focused on the topic of cyberbullying, grooming, access to inappropriate content,… but for example, the INCIBE, to celebrate the safe Internet day on 7 February held a competition to make a video with the slogan” CyberSecurity Mannequin Challenge: United for a safer Internet “for secondary schools and last year also organized the contest Cybercamp.” Gradually appear such initiatives”
The curriculum of compulsory secondary education incorporate curricular elements related to sustainable development and the environment, the risks of sexual exploitation and abuse, abuse and abuse people with disabilities, situations of risk arising from the improper use of the technologies of information and communication, as well as protection from emergencies and disasters …
Later, in the development of these cross-cutting elements, that ICTs have a prominent place, and it is one of the objectives of compulsory secondary education:
“Develop basic skills in the use of information sources for, critical sense, acquire new knowledge. Acquire a basic preparation in the field of technology, especially the information and communication”
However, at the level of courses and materials, in Spain the security and privacy on the internet, despite the fact that it has to be across, currently it is just recorded by some standards of learning in the field of technology. Jorge Gómez, Professor of technology and computer science at ESO in the IES Rosalia de Castro in Santiago de Compostela, sums up the situation of the matter to us.
“The LOMCE has given us a lime and another of sand, on the one hand eliminates hours for the subject of technology, which is common to all students matter and where are these themes, but on the other also introduces the elective course of TIC in high school second, already was in first and 4th ESO , with new content of programming, web development,.. .and also the themes of privacy and security. Even so I think that we will always a step behind, now we start to use the cloud to store our data or work online, but at the same time we do not notice them that having all that information isn’t private. “All the students at the end of secondary education should protect their data and actually control information to share and what not”
In the first cycle of ESO everything is restricted to a standard of learning: 2.2. Meet the security measures applicable to every situation of risk.
The main contents about safety and privacy on the internet are collected in several blocks of ICT matter, which only offer optional for students of 4that
Highlights can be found in room that, where information and communication technologies is one of the optional subjects, which must choose the student arriving at the course. Security and privacy-related content are distributed in blocks of Internet and social networks (Use the critical sense and develop habits in the use and exchange of information through social networks and platforms), information security (adopting behaviours of active and passive safety in the protection of data and exchange of information) and especially in call Ethics and aesthetics in the interaction network, criteria of evaluation as adopt behaviors and habits that allow the protection of the individual in their interaction in the network or access services for Exchange and publication of digital information with criteria of safety and responsible use.
The training of teachers: caught by the policy
Juan García not hesitate to recognize the complex and hard current work of teachers. He teaches courses, with the very popular ciberconvivencia in recent times, and the response is fantastic. But to reach their classrooms encounter of face to face with the policy. It is no longer only of that, and tells Antonio Gómez, “we are still trying to find out how the current educational legislation is implemented”, but that fear makes many applications of fashion, that children use and which should speak, are blocked.
“I can teach a course of 10 hours on YouTube a teacher but probably” When you arrive at your school has installed a filter or proxy that won’t let you access. Even if you try to do something creative in that platform many hands will take the head in a revision 2.0 of the Club of the dead poets.
In this situation the commercial educational software are handled very well. “Don’t worry, let Google, Facebook and Twitter, I’m going to give a controlled extra-secure environment with the same functions.” Licenses are purchased by a fortune and it’s train teachers in its use. However, when teachers finish the school day and students come to the labour market in the world from the cole but Google, Facebook and Twitter is not used”
The teachers are demanding is not unattainable. In his lectures to teachers, Juan García receives a basic desire and almost unique support requiring: “receive information to what they demand and not what is imposed upon them and obviously more support and respect for families”
“Teachers is they try to survive a very hard job.” A Professor of literature in our country is psychologist, officer, wake up and anything but Professor of literature. “I think really that do everything they can and generally see much interest for its part, interest that I do not yet see in the majorities of parents”
This demand for training by now does not have excessive response. Except for any activity of isolated training, the majority of activities for teachers coming from the administrations they rub just basic contents of the use of ICT. And they are not intended for later use in the classroom with students.
By publishers, some providers of educational resources such as aulaPlaneta have taken steps forward and are devising strategies to provide workplaces and educational permanent training and accompaniment services around content. In relation to security and privacy on the Internet, aulaPlaneta use their competition Digital courses for teachers, drawn from its own Department of training
In the end, reality makes them the teachers who develop their own material. The website and the publication of content Creative Commons facilitates the task. It is the case of Antonio Gómez.
“I make my own material and select the fellow hanging it over the Internet (God bless Creative Commons and similar licenses), and only update the aspects that are left obsolete hard I work”
This way of proceeding is not suitable. However is one that just focuses on issues where the text book is not an option. And especially pushed by the law.
“Education is expected to give response to a myriad of problems that were unthinkable a few years ago: the harassment school, multiculturalism, driver education…” All the legislation I’ve ever met have done the same thing: they have stipulated a set of skills to be taught in each subject, specifying a number of skills (or objectives, or goals… every law uses a different word) that the student should get, but no specific teacher need to do to get it. “The lawmaker wants to stop a standard, but does not know the world of education, and delegates to the teacher /-to the decision and the responsibility of deciding how to do it”
In the end, everything is on the side of the teacher, graduated according to your extra effort.
“Our experience, our preparation, the material with which we have is as good as the hours of work we are casting the matter in our homes. No one has offered us training. The Ministry of education does not offer any coach. Our experience takes place every day, class by class, with our students, our friends, our families, the anecdotes that tell us…”
Privacy and security talks in 2016 still speaking of Tuenti
This demand for training is especially critical in a field such as ICT, which changes a lot quickly. Jorge Gómez reflects it perfectly to talk to us: just observe the students.
“Students who are using different social networks: tuenti moved to Facebook, from Facebook to Twitter and Twitter instagram, every generation has its social network, or new applications for mobile phones, each with its own peculiarities, is all very dynamic.” It is important that they are aware that each new tool used has its advantages and its disadvantages, especially from the point of view of privacy and security”
Combat the speed at which services pass through the screens of PCs and smarpthones is extremely difficult and a challenge that collides with the reality of that We will always take a delay from threats.
“When a new risk or undesirable behavior in a social network trainers need to understand it, analyze it, and design a training action that give response. When we are ready to talk about it the risk already has taken its toll. I think the problem is that many of the lectures or workshops are given by people who do not enjoy the network and therefore has no interest in seeing the opportunities and risks the most recent apps”
There is a big problem with the privacy and security: always take a delay from threats
Fighting this issue in a formal way is not easy. “Yesterday” was the day of harassment or digital identity, that still don’t answer “today”, but we already have threats in the queue waiting for a proper response. Or as noted by Juan García, own proposed for the current solutions are actually a danger.
In the Google suggestions, harassment in networks is in front of the school
“Personally I am concerned much the theme of the algorithms in the social networks, capable of filtering a nipple but not a challenge dangerous to health as the A4 challenge or Ab Crack. I am also concerned the effect that algorithms and cameras of eco in the values of children, the tendency to give them tips on “safe sexting” when the only safe sexting is which is not done, the trivialization of Internet sports betting, machismo in the network… in general I think that the amount of information that exist in social networks and the inability of children to heal content requires more than ever a correct computer education, “health, sexual and emotional”
How privacy and internet security is taught: keys
With more or less institutional support or preparation of teachers, the theme of security and privacy on the internet is currently the star of the contents related with internet for parents and a large part of society. And there are a few keys to improve his teaching in the colleges and institutes.
More digital literacy and less native
You have to see what damage has been done the term digital native. Hit the streets, question and “digital native” will be associated with a person who is fully internet-ready and all that take you and that includes a screen or technology. Juan García, co-author of the book “digital natives do not exist”, is clear that part of the problem is directly linked with the misunderstandings around the digital native.
A Bell on the grooming of the Government of Paraguay
“Dropped continuously in the myth of the digital native: that children are proficient in the use of ICT by having grown up with them.” Nonsense, as think that being born since cars were invented one know driving. While us turn again and again to this myth sexting cases, grooming, cyberbullying and other misfortunes will continue jumping from social network to social network. The precise and fair would be to speak of digital literacy. But despite the elegant sounding and light remaining in the BOE everything related to digital competition, at the end, “in some centers are still being all digital as something purely idle”
Digital competence is that which involves the use of creative, critical, and secure information and communication technologies to achieve the related work, employability, learning objectives, the use of leisure time, inclusion and participation in society
Luckily, teachers noticed one increasing community-wide awareness, from students to parents and teachers. Cases more media of ciberbulling or harassment using social networks and messaging systems have alarm bells of who still have not paid attention to these themes. An example: in the institutes there is one demand much more of talks around these “dangers of internet”.
How is front approach these talks or content is key to ensure success. Against this teaching plays not only the lack of teacher training but, as noted by Jorge Gómez, “the lack of awareness of the problem in the educational community and society”. And still much more frightened without a basis and explanation on that support. Juan García has lived firsthand many times.
“Perhaps many times the problem lies in the approach and in” trying to scare minors without giving many explanations. An example that I put is “be careful because you put it on the Internet is not deleted”. This is information that is not worth absolutely nothing without further additives. “First because a common problem is that a minor for (and many adults) Internet is the World Wide Web and when they broadcast a live video on Instagram or send a photo by Whatsapp there is that perception of”I’m surfing the Internet”and consequently those tips for safe navigation are not activated on the head”
“Rather than be careful because what you put on the Internet does not delete talk about what is to put something on the Internet where it is stored, in what conditions, and what happens with that information.” Or give arguments to minors or it will be autumn of us”
This lack of base is attached to the separation between the reality of internet of adults and minors, as we count Antonio Gómez.
“The students have many problems to properly manage their email accounts, or do not know how to use a public forum. “Here, as in other areas, there is a significant dichotomy between the use that can give an adult or a teenager to ICT”
The interest by what they do and how minors on the internet is booming. Antonio Gómez check it every day:
“The stage in which arose the subject in conversation people looked with a cavalier smile, considering the matter as”a game”or”thing of children”already passed to better life.” We all already know someone who has been the victim of a scam, or has had a problem in social networks (as much as younger adults), two examples. I do remember that when I started to give lectures for schools and associations of parents, there was always one who did not take it seriously. “But if in house or we have computer” have told me once, as if that put the matter, without stopping to think that children can access the Internet at a friend’s House, or in an Internet café. Now, the focus is very different. As is a new social network, or discussed a novelty taking boom in ICT, arises the issue: “But, see, that my child can be dangerous or not?”
And you have to banish another myth associated with children and the internet: not interested to know about privacy. Juan García, the problem is that they want to go beyond “the same old” and that the content conforms to reality. That approach is not punitive or be treated as potential criminals but more educational.
“They crave are fundamentals in councils that carry hearing life. It is a myth that are not worried about the kids privacy. Of course they worry and don’t want their conversations, pictures and videos to come out of your circle of friends. But unfortunately social networks were not invented to keep secrets”
The role of teachers and families
Just the talk, given by an external element or the teachers themselves have produced their own material trabajadamente. What about the following? Do minors apply it? The experience of Juan García these years is not very positive. Not without more involved.
“I have taken me a surprise as see that students change their profile privacy settings after a talk but in general not be expected that a specific activity day replace them life when just outside by the door society sends them messages in the other direction. Without reinforcement from teachers and especially families such interventions are anecdotes. “If a child saw his mother always ask for consent before taking a picture and upload it to Facebook or that his father does not say or make atrocities by Whatsapp then training actions would be much more effective”
That triangle forming the child, teacher and parent all lace should be smooth communication for the teaching process. So left gathered in article 8 of the Royal Decree 1105 / 2014, of 26 December, which establishes the basic curriculum of compulsory secondary education and secondary education.
In accordance with that established in article 4.2. e) of the Act 8/1985 of 3 July, regulating the right to education, parents, mothers or guardians shall participate and support the evolution of the educational process of their children or wards, as well as know the decisions concerning the evaluation and promotion, and work on measures of support or reinforcement that adoption centers to facilitate their educational progress …
Antonio Gómez sees even more problem in that lack of involvement of the rest of the community that material available to the teacher.
“The biggest problem for me is not both the generation of materials and the current lack of communication in the padres-adolescente-triangle Professor.” Today, at least in secondary education, it is difficult to see a father in an hour of tutoring unless a specific problem has arisen. I am aware of the lack of time causing us our professional duties. However, it is very necessary to keep a channel of communication continuous and flowing between the three vertices of the triangle, in order to detect problems before they take a serious look and to strengthen relations”
Now it is the most complicated. Understanding the situation and acting.