As the years pass the active safety elements on the bike, they evolve in order to facilitate the driving when we move through roads. Many, especially those of the old school, will tell you that themselves are its best element of security, but the truth is, all systems that have appeared to make our life much easier and help us to keep us one piece.
ABS, the pressure control of tyres, electronic suspension adjustment, etc. are elements that are more within our reach, especially in the new models coming to market. It is something to keep in mind if we are going to buy a new bike, because it is likely ever to avoid us an accident or even save us life.
What is the active and passive safety?
The first thing before you start getting into matter, is define what exactly an element of active safety and other passive safety. In a very simple way, we could say that the elements of active safety they are those who act to prevent an accident, those who are there looking after us at all times.
On the other hand, the of passive safety are the ones who come into operation when the accident has already occurred, as for example, helmet, gloves, jackets, current airbags, etc… All of them try to minimize the damage that can generate when it has already happened the mishap.
1. the ABS antilock braking system.
This is probably, the safety element enables better known by all, finally and within is the most common and is already obligatory with the Euro 4. It is a system that acts on the brakes avoiding the fall in case of braking, releasing the pressure of the circuit when it detects that one of the wheels is blocked.
Thanks to this, we can reduce the braking distance without losing control of our bike, allowing us to perform maneuvers, for example, to Dodge anything or stop us with greater security on sliding surfaces.
The latest evolution within this system is the braking curve control that, through sensors that pick up signs of rotation, inclination, crushed and lateral acceleration, you regulate the pressure we exert on the handle when we stopped and it spreads more slowly and form more uniform through ABS. What it does is actually be even more predictive and provide the lock without leaving that there is no loss of adhesion.
2. the CBS. Combined brake system.
Its operation is very simple and what happens is that, although we only use one of the available brake system of automatically, also send some braking power to the other wheel, winning in effectiveness when it comes to stop the vehicle.
Distributing braking between both axles rather than envelope pressure only one motorbike brakes way “flat”, thus avoiding transfers of weights or excesses of workload for a single wheel. Typically in a system of this type, which I worked in front brake automatically when we use the rear brake, Although on some models, the system is bi-directional, slowing down from behind when we act front brake.
3. the tyre pressure control
The tire is the only element that is in contact with the soil of our motorcycle and also it’s the first item in the suspension system. You don’t have to have a wheel worn to have a scare or an accident, simply by not having one proper pressure of inflation We can already pass and to make life easier for us, these new systems have appeared.
The most basic are simply a plug valve which activated a LED or change color when the pressure inflating our tires falls below recommended. But now there are systems that operate remotely and what they do is monitor the pressure and transmit it to the information screen and letting us know if you have a low pressure.
Just as bad to have little pressure is to shoot with the same excess, so should always carry the pressure recommended by the manufacturer so gums work correctly, offer you optimum performance and wear out naturally.
4. the stability control
Until a few years ago it seemed that stability control was only available for cars, but, also has not reached the bike to increase our security and is one of the most innovative elements active as far as safety is concerned.
In this system, an additional sensor measures the real inclination angle in which the bike stands and allows your PABX to adjust to the specific needs of driving acting on the braking and Acceleration electronically. This achieves the best possible support and is maintained the stability of the bike.
5. dynamic traction control
When the road conditions are changing, move through areas where the grip is conspicuous by its absence or the rear tire receives more power which can be transmitted, is when we realize that the traction control It does for us. This system has evolved a lot in a very short time and already used much information collected through sensors installed for all motorbikes.
What happens in this system, is that It detects if the rear wheel is spinning too fast with respect to the front. This is measured through the ABS sensors and analysed together with the rest of data provided by the sensors reducing the torque sent to the rear wheel if necessary.
This reduction of delivery can act on the ignition and injection Butterfly throttle, by modulating how much energy carry the subsequent train until the situation returns to be controlled.
6. the electronic suspension adjustment
In our bike, we can regular suspension in three different ways: the spring preload which allows us to adjust the hardness of it, (the resistance of the buffer when it is compressed) compression and expansion (the resistance which opposes the cushion when it is spreading). Until not long ago all this was done manually, but now, thanks to electronics to adjust these parameters is much simpler. In the motorcycles that furnish, clear.
Programs with names such as “normal”, “sport” and “comfort” will regulate the settings automatically and instant to providing us with the task of adjusting the setting of the bike whenever you need it. In addition, intelligent systems able to detect the type of driving that we are making and the control unit is encagara to modify these parameters to adapt them to our needs at all times.
An example of course is that of the Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro. If you’re doing a stretch of curves in Sport mode and feel like you suddenly do an offroad section you will be able to recognize the change and adapt the suspensions to a campero use.
7. dynamic lighting
It may seem silly, but the evolution in how to illuminate our path and that we are seen by the rest of the users has evolved a lot and has led to our active safety increase.
The lighthouses of LED and variable pitch they are the most modern that exists. The latter adapted lighting according to the inclination of the bike and it lights up the inside of the curve to increase our visibility when we are turning. We could try it again on the KTM 1290 S Super Adventure a few months ago and its operation was pleasantly surprised.
All these new active safety devices that appear for our motorcycles are created to reduce the claims in situations where it can be to lose control. Fight against the imposition of these new technologies is to jeopardize our own security when we take our bike and came out of the garage.
Any advance in security that can save us in any mishap, welcome.